Kislemez rothenburg ob der tauber


Archaeolingua logo. In this paper, I present a seals was donated to the Institute of Archaeolog- selection of identified items from this collection.


Unfortunately, the donor was be divided into four groups according to their not the same person who collected these finds places of origin.

The first group, eight cloth seals, and all the accompanying information was sec- comes from Western Europe including the Low ond hand and thus could not be confirmed. Ac- Countries and western Germanyconnectable to cording to this information, all the finds in the such production places as Arras Fig.

Analogies are only known for the seals they were collected at one or more sites, neither from Arras and Cologne, which helps date these can the original size of the collection be recon- finds to the late fifteenth or early sixteenth cen- structed.

kislemez rothenburg ob der tauber

It is sure—according to the donor— tury. The dating of the rest can be presumed, that some three or four large, spectacular based on the heraldic and iconographic details, items were handled separately and sold earlier.

This type sible to identify these missing items as of the is relatively widespread and therefore well dat- English type. Despite the basic disadvantages like the stray- find character of the collection, it is still signifi- cant from kislemez rothenburg ob der tauber points of view. On one hand, with items, this is still the third largest collec- tion of late medieval and early modern cloth seals from the medieval Kingdom of Hungary.

kislemez rothenburg ob der tauber

On the other hand, being part of a selected collec- tion, the items are almost exclusively well pre- served and thus easier to identify, in some cases unique finds, which has helped identify many damaged and fragmented seals from other loca- tions.

Some of the seals can be connected to towns that do not appear in Hun- garian written sources, namely, Rothenburg ob der Tauber Fig. Only a single item seems to have originated from Sankt Gallen Fig. None of the South- ern German cloth seals can be dated prior to the late fifteenth century; in comparison, the kislemez rothenburg ob der tauber shifts to the mid- or late sixteenth century for sites with well-stratified analogous finds, Pápa4 or Bajcsa,5 kislemez rothenburg ob der tauber example.

The fourth and the last group is the largest 44 findsdespite the fact that these seals origi- nated from only kislemez rothenburg ob der tauber towns or locations in Cen- tral Europe.

Válasszon nyelvet

The medieval Duchy of Moravia, part of the able to the late fourteenth century. These towns and boroughs lie mostly in southern Ba- varia, with the exception of one each from Swit- zerland and Saxony. This variability undoubted- ly implies what region played the most dominant role in late medieval Hungarian cloth imports. The largest number of seals—corresponding to the archival data—can be connected with Nurem- berg, representing different periods and quali- ties.

kislemez rothenburg ob der tauber

The Szolnok Collection contains at least three types of Nuremberg seals, two datable to the late fifteenth century Fig. It is interesting that there are no known analo- gies for the late medieval ones outside Hungary.

Nuremberg and Wöhrd a medieval suburb of the Imperial City were the main suppliers of high- quality cloth to Hungary from the late fifteenth up to the end of the sixteenth century Fig.

The second largest set of cloth seals came from Ulm Fig. Cloth seals from Southern German territories: cloth but rather on fustian or linen.

kislemez rothenburg ob der tauber

Fustian was Kaufbeuren 21 ; Bad Waldsee 22 ; Wurzen 23 ; Dinkels- bühl 24 ; early seals from Nuremberg 25—26 ; later seals also the main fabric of other sites represented in from Nuremberg 28—29 ; Wöhrd 30—31 ; Sankt Gallen 32 the collection such as Memmingen Fig. One type of finds coat of arms of England Fig. The question can probably be connected with a Bohemian site, arises why an English seal is present among the Neuhaus Jindřichův Hradec, Fig. And Central European items.

According to the latest the last single find from Tulln represents Austria evaluation of the more than one hundred similar Fig. According to contemporary cus- been made in Ottoman Hungary in the vicinity toms accounts, this large number is not surpris- of Gyula and Békéscsaba in s to mark ing, because the cloth from Görlitz was relatively locally produced cloth fabrics as good quality En- cheap and very popular in Hungary by the end glish broadcloth.


The other seals in this group can of the Middle Ages. The ear- lems—seems to be a more-or-less compact as- liest ones were the Görlitz seals, datable from the semblage. Since cloth seals were mostly attached late fifteenth century up to the mid-sixteenth to the inner edge of a blomberg egyetlen beépített sütő roll, their removal century, while the rest, including the seals from and disposal usually took place when the last ell Lauban, Iglau, Neuhaus, Kunovice, and Tulln can was sold or used.

Such a situation was charac- be dated within the sixteenth century, probably teristic for marketplaces or settlements with the second third of the century. Chronologically ropean despite its Western appearance.

kislemez rothenburg ob der tauber

With no information to rád. Egy stá- new towns, previously not documented in any jer kislemez rothenburg ob der tauber Magyarországon a A Styrian fortification in Hungary in the second half of the sixteenth century] Hopefully, further archaeological investigations Zalaegerszeg: Zala Megyei Múzeumok Igazgatósága, in and around Szolnok will shed light on the77, — Related Papers.

kislemez rothenburg ob der tauber

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